Early Colonial Settlers of Southern Maryland and Virginia's Northern Neck Counties

Cyprian Thoroughgood

Male Bef 1615 - Abt 1661  (> 46 years)

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  • Name Cyprian Thoroughgood 
    Birth Bef 1615  England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Death Abt 1661  Charles County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I34452  Tree1
    Last Modified 26 Nov 2023 

    Family Bridgett MNU Gooch,   b. Abt 1630, England Find all individuals with events at this locationd. Bef 1688, Charles County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location (Age ~ 57 years) 
    Marriage Abt 1656  Charles County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location 
     1. Thomas Thoroughgood,   b. Abt 1639, Charles County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this locationd. Aft 1659, St. Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location (Age ~ 21 years)  [Father: natural]
    Family ID F9550  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart
    Last Modified 26 Nov 2023 

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBirth - Bef 1615 - England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • This marriage is unproven

      [mailto:mdstmary-bounces@rootsweb.com] On Behalf Of Norma Lundgren
      Sent: Sunday, October 15, 2006 5:01 PM
      To: MDSTMARY@rootsweb.com
      Subject: [MDSTMARY] Thorowgood/Legatt

      Does anyone know if the Bridget Legatt, wife of Rev. John Legatt and mother of
      Thomas Thorowgood, was the widow of Cyprian Thorowgood? Does anyone know where
      the 400 acres Cyprian Thorowgood owned was situated? Per some documentation
      about him, he lived "near the Jesuit Mission at St. Inego's Plantation". Was
      this land later owned by Thomas Thorowgood? Was this the same Thomas Thorowgood
      Thorowgood, Thomas, d. ca. 1669. "Jewes in America, or probabilities that the
      Americans (Indians) are of that race with the removall of some contrary
      reasonings, and earnest desires for effectuall endeavours to make them
      Christian." London : Printed by W.H. for T. Slater. 1650
      http://www.payn.org/geneaology/masspayne.shtml .
      The records also mentions Cyprian THOROUGHGOOD. In "Cavaliers and Pioneers", vol. 1 by NUGENT, there is a land patent to Adam THOROUGHGOOD in 1635. In the patent, It names the ship "John & Dorothy" of which both Thomas and John PAYNE were involved, as being one of the ships in his convoy transporting him to Virginia. Aboard the ship, among many others, were John WITHERS- servant of John PAYNE and John REYNOLDS who is named in the will of Thomas PAINE of St. Mary's County, Maryland Remember too that Nicholas PAYNE was a crew member aboard the DOVE under the CALVERTS, who owned the ship. Also aboard was Samuel LAWSON.
      An Elizabeth LAWSON married Robert PAYNE (Alias DAVIES) in abt. 1666
      according to "PAYNES of Virginia". She was the daughter of Epaphroditus and Elizabeth nee MADESTARD LAWSON of Nansemond County, Virginia. Elizabeth married
      2) William CLAPHAM and 3) Alexander FLEMMING. Again- all names found within our Network of merchant mariners.
      http://home.earthlink dot net/%7eppayne1203/poa/page19.html

      John Browns had originally been from the Eastern Shore wherein 1642 he had patented 200 acres of land. According to Whitelaw in Virginia's Eastern Shore, Page 438, under the tract of land designated N78, "In 1646 Patent reissued and anew one for 100 acres adjacent also granted to Browns. 1650A Consolidated patent to Rim for 350 acres to include the above SO acres of new land. This patent was released later in the year. 1656 Browns (wife Ursula) left this Land "upon which I nowe dwelt" to Rirson Thomas, but recommended that it be sold for the benefit of that son. He also had sons John (eldest) and Stephen and daughters Mary, Sarah and Elizabeth. To hisson John he left a 1,200acres plantation on the seaside (T192). However, after writing his will and before his death, Browns had exchanged both planiations for land across the bay." This entry is followed by lengthy court order admitting his will to probate. "Shortly after this court proceeding, Mrs. Ursula Brown and William Smart recorded an agreement canceling the exchange of lands, so that the son Thomas Browns received this N78 land after all."

      After Browne's death, his widow Ursula married Alexander Flemming. Alexander later married Elizabeth Madehard (or Madestard), the former wife of Epaphraditus Lawson by whom she was the mother of Elizabeth Lawson who married Robert Payne (alias Davies) in 1666. In Robert Payne's will, he left Elizabeth (Madehard) a mare. Elizabeth had also been the wife of William Clapham by whom she was the mother of William (b. 1653), who married Mary, daughter of Silvester and Margaret Thacher, the later wife of Warwick Cammock, whom Robert Payne made a supervisor of his will. Mary Thacher's sister, Elizabeth, was the wife of John Deane, who m2. Jane, sister of Anne Walker, wife of John Payne, Jr.

      Capt. Francis Pott mentioned above was the husband of Susanna Baker, the widow of Thomas Eyre. Thomas Eyre may well have been a son of Dr. Simon Eyre and Dorothy Payne, sister of William Payne of Boston and Ipswich, Mass. The reasoning for this conclusion is that Susanna Baker married as her Yd husband, Col. William Kendall,. Kendall was the man William Payne of Boston named as his "loving friend" and attorney to collect a debt from Col. Edmund Scarburgh. As previous related, Kendall's daug'oter, Mary, had married Hancock Lee, the brother of Richard Lee II, friend of William Payne, son of John Payne. Hancock Lee's 2nd wife, it should also be considered, had been Sarah a granddaughter of the Pilgrim Isaac Allerton. Sarah Allerton's brother, Willoughby Allerton, married Sarah Taverner, former wife of Capt. Raleigh Travers, whose tobacco warehouse John Payne had been ordered to appraise in 1654. Raleigh and Sarah Travers had daughter Elizabeth whose 2" husband, John Carter, was the son of Maj. John Carter and Sarah Ludlow of Lancaster County. Maj. Carter had married as his 2r`d wife, Eleanor Eltonhead, a sister of William Eltonhead and Jane Gerard
      Name: mike
      Email: mrmarsha@bechtel.com
      URL: http://mdroots.thinkport.org/library/cyprianthorowgood.asp
      Cyprian Thorowgood

      (Alternative Spellings = Ciprian, Thoroughgood)

      Cyprian Thorowgood is known for his successful fur trade with local Native Americans. This English adventurer, Thorowgood, probably came to Maryland aboard the Ark or Dove in 1633 or 1634.

      Early government records describe him as "Mr. Cyprian Thorowgood, Gent.," or gentleman. This means that he was an educated man from a well-to-do family.1 He lived near the Jesuit Mission at St. Inego's Plantation, outside of St. Mary's City.2 He was one of the first Maryland colonists to explore the entire Chesapeake Bay by ship.

      Cecil Calvert, Second Lord Baltimore, received a letter describing a voyage Thorowgood made with seven men from April 25 to May 15, 1634. Thorowgood gave Lord Baltimore a full account of his exploration to the northern end of the Chesapeake Bay in this letter. Thorowgood describes the many islands and waterways that he and his men saw as their trading ship sailed north. The Maryland traders also came upon William Claiborne and his men trading with the Susquehannock Indians. The Susquehannocks agreed to trade with the Marylanders for 230 beaver furs.

      By the early 1640s, Thorowgood had earned a lot of money in the fur trade. He owned land in St. Mary's County. He took an active role in the government, serving in the Maryland Assembly in 1637, 1641 and 1642. Lord Baltimore appointed Thorowgood to be sheriff of St. Mary's County in 1642. Baltimore explained to Thorowgood that he had "especiall trust and Confidence in [Thorowgood's] faithful diligence." This meant that Lord Baltimore thought Cyprian Thorowgood was the best gentleman for the job of sheriff.

      COUNCIL OF MARYLAND (Proceedings), Liber F, Page 147, Archives of Maryland, vol. 3, Page 96, April 8, 1641; Harry Wright Newman, "The Flowering of the Maryland Palatinate," (Published by the author, Washington, D.C. 1961), 263.

      Maryland State Archives, SPECIAL COLLECTION (Biographical Series) Cyprian Thorowgood file, MSA SC 3520-2854, 2/11/11/81.

      See, George E. Gifford, Jr and Marion Tinling, "A Relation of a Voyage to the Head of the Bay," The Historian 20 (May 1958): 347-348.

      "A Relation of a Voyage Made by Mr. Cyprian Thorowgood to the Head of the Baye," in Gifford and Tingling, "A Relation," 349-351.

      COUNCIL OF MARYLAND (Proceedings), Liber F, Page 147, Archives of Maryland, vol. 3, Page 96, April 8, 1641.

      "A Relation of a Voyage Made by Mr. Cyprian Thorowgood to the Head of the Baye" 1634, from the Hugh H. Young Collection, Enoch Pratt Free Library; "A Relation of a Voyage to the Head of the Bay," by George E. Gifford, Jr. and Marion Tinling, The Historian, 20 (May 1958); transcribed and annotated by Clifford Lewis, III, in Chronicles of St. Mary's, 32, (November 1984). DOCUMENTS FOR THE CLASSROOM SERIES. Colonial Encounters in the Chesapeake: The Natural World of Native Americans, Europeans, and Africans, 1560 -1800. Designed and developed by Edward C. Papenfuse and Dr. M. Mercer Neale, prepared with the assistance of R. J. Rockefeller, Lynne MacAdam and other members of the Archives staff. 1993. MSA SC 2221-17-7. Publication no. 4198. MSA SC 2221-17-7.

      Pages from a Court case involving Cyprian Thorowgood vs. Thomas Cornwalis, Esq., Executer of Jerome Hawley's Will. Court and Testamentary Business, August 1638. LAND OFFICE (Patent Records), Liber Z. MSA No.: S 1071- 1 Archives of Maryland, vol. 4, Page 44-45 and Page 58-59.
      Gifford, George E., Jr. and Marion Tinling. "A Relation of a Voyage to the Head of the Bay." The Historian 20 (May 1958): 347-351.

      Lewis, Clifford, III, trans. "A Relation of a Voyage Made by Mr. Cyprian Thorowgood (From the Patuxent) to the Head of the Baye, April 24-May 5, 1634." Chronicles of St. Mary's 32 (November 1984): 201-206.

      Newman, Harry Wright. "The Flowering of the Maryland Palatinate." Published by the author, Washington, D.C. 1961.
      On Behalf Of Barbbq40@aol.com Barb Quasny
      Sent: Monday, October 16, 2006 11:53 AM
      To: mdstmary@rootsweb.com
      Subject: Re: [MDSTMARY] Buckler Family of St. Mary's County, Maryland

      I found in the book "Jesuit Missions of St. Mary's County" by Edwin Beitzell
      a paragraph relating to Cyprian Thorowgood. It reads, Cyprian Thorowgood
      also seems to have been a tenant at St. Inigoes, for in 1639 he is expressly
      called a planter, and in 1641 he bargained off a manservant for four
      milck(sp)cows wilst a resident of St. Inigoes.

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