Early Colonial Settlers of Southern Maryland and Virginia's Northern Neck Counties

Peter Savary

Male Bef 1762 - Bef 1827  (< 65 years)


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  • Name Peter Savary 
    Born Bef 1762  France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died Bef 1827  Prince George's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I102583  Tree1
    Last Modified 18 Sep 2019 

    Family Jane Smith,   b. Aft 1764, Charles County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married 18 Nov 1782  Prince George's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Last Modified 18 Sep 2019 
    Family ID F40255  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • PETER SAVARY, of Prince-George’s county.
      Annapolis Maryland Gazette, June 22, 1786.
      Prince-George’s county,

      Annapolis Maryland Gazette June 15, 1786.

      RAN away from the subscriber’s plantation, two and a half miles from Harrison’s ferry, on Patowmack, in Maryland, two negro slaves, one called ISAAC*, about twenty-six years of age, five feet six inches high, thin complexion and visage, has a very open and short nose, and is very sullen; had on when he went from home, a short white coat with blue cuffs and collar, and other cloaths which cannot be described; the other called GUSTAVUS, about twenty-two years old, of a very thick complexion, short forehead, flat nose, great mouth, and very big legs. All persons are cautioned against harbouring or employing these slaves under penalties of the law, and whoever will stop and secure them, so that the owner may get them again, shall receive a reward and reasonable charges, paid by

      PETER SAVARY, of Prince-George’s county

      Annapolis Maryland Gazette, October 14, 1790.

      RAN away, four months ago, from the subscriber’s plantation, in Prince George’s county, Maryland, about three miles from Alexandria ferry, a NEGRO MAN called ANTHONY, four or five and twenty years old, about six feet high, knock-kneed, which gives him a weak countenance when walking, and stammers a little; he was formerly the property of one Raphael Boarman, living in the neighbourhood of Bryan town. Any person who will stop the said negro, and secure him so that I get him again, shall have a reward of ONE GUINEA, or THREE POUNDS, with reasonable charges, if brought to my house; and, as I have great reason to believe the said negro is harboured and employed in the neighbourhood where he formerly lived, any person who will discover and certify before any court by whom he is so harboured and employed, so as I may recover damages, shall have TEN POUNDS, paid down, by

      P.SAVARY.
      ===
      http://www.jefpat.org/NEHWeb/Assets/Collections/images/18pr175/PDFs/oxon_h ill_history_draft.pdf

      Oxon Hill History

      page 151

      By 1797, Addison had sold or given away almost 1,300 of the non-dower lands of Oxon Hill Manor. Sometime before 1782 his uncle, John Addison, had received 100.75 acres, thereby reducing Walter's holdings to 3, 562.25 of the original 3,663 acres. Not counting his mother's dower, Walter owned 2,734.75 acres. In 1790 he sold 65.88 acres to Peter Savary for 308 pounds. This tract came from the original Locust Thicket grant to the south of the manor house. Savary had already purchased the "Lodge", a house and lands owned originally by John Addison and purchased by the Reverend Jonathan Boucher. As a Loyalist, Boucher had had his property confiscated during the Revolution. Dr. William Baker purchased the estate then sold it to Savary (MHR, Land Records, JRM 4:84, Nov. 2, 1795; JRM 6:173, Oct. 6, 1797).

      Grantor: Walter Dulany Addison
      Grantee: Peter Savary
      Date: 1790
      Property: 65.778 acres
      Terms: 308
      Sources: MHR, Land Records, 112:369, 1790
      Comments: part of Oxon Hill Manor (Lowest Thicket)
      ===
      Prince George's County, Maryland Land Records 1787-1789; Liber HH-2 {Abstract by Mike Marshall}; Page 175. At the request of Philip Savary the following Deed was recorded April 9, 1788
      Indenture made April 9, 1788; William Baker, physician in consideration of 1328 pounds 4 shillings current money of Maryland paid by Philip Savary has sold on December 9, 1782 and doth by these presents ratify the sale of part of a tract adjoining Henson Branch called the "Lodge" containing 238 ¼ acres and also 2 ½ acres for a new canal or race cut through the tract and which makes up the quantity of 240 ¾ acres. Lately the property of the Reverend Jonathan Boucher and which was confiscated by the State of Maryland and sold to William Baker by deed bearing date September 5, 1787 and recorded in the General Court office of Maryland the same day. Mentions Baynes part of the same tract, Lanhams adjoining land and the 5th line of "Locust Thickett". Signed William Baker in the presence of and acknowledged before David Craufurd, Rinaldo Johnson
      ===
      Indenture made October 25, 1790; Waler D. Addison, Gentleman in consideration of 308 pounds 17 shillings and 6 pence paid by Peter Savary has sold part of a tract lying near Henson Branch containing 65 7/8 acres being part of a large tract called "Oxen Hill Manor" containing acres and beginning at the end of the 5th line of a tract formerly called "Locust Thickett" and which was resurveyed into "Oxen Hill Manor" and bounded by the "Lodge" which the said Savary purchased from Dr. Wm Baker, a green marsh. Signed Walter D. Addison in the presence of and acknowledged before David Craufurd, Samuel Hepburn
      ===

      https://law.resource.org/pub/us/case/reporter/F.Cas/0015.f.cas/0015.f.cas. 0223.pdf

      LEE ET AL. V. PREUSS.
      Case No. 8,199 [3 Cranch, C. C. 112.]1
      Circuit Court, District of Columbia.
      May Term, 1827.

      The jury found a special verdict, which stated: “(1) That the negro girl Joan or Joanna,
      on the 24th of June, 1797, was the property of Anthony Addison, then a citizen of Maryland,
      residing in Prince George's county, in that state, where he held her as a slave for
      life. (2) That on that day he sold her to Walter Addison, also a citizen of Maryland and
      residing in the said county, for a term of twelve years, by a bill of sale in writing, in haec
      verba,” &c. “(3) That after the said Walter Addison had held her about eighteen months
      under the said bill of sale he exchanged her unexpired term with one Peter Savary, then
      a citizen of Maryland, and residing in the same county, for a like term in another negro
      woman, the latter to be returned to Savary at the expiration of the said term. And we find
      that at the time of this exchange there was a stipulation and an understanding between
      the parties principals, that the children of the said Joanna, born or to be born, were to
      be free after having served, men children until they attained the age of thirty or thirty-one
      years, and female children when they should attain the age of twenty-five years respectively;
      and that the said Joanna was then delivered, and held in the said state and county,
      until the expiration of the said term; and that afterwards she was returned and given up
      to the said Anthony Addison. (4) That three of the petitioners, to wit, John, Lizette, and
      Janette or Jeane, are children of the said Joanna, born during the said term of twelve years;
      and the petitioner Nancy is the child of the petitioner Lizette, and was born long after the
      expiration of the said term, to wit, in the year 1825, or thereabout; the mother still being
      held by the said Savary. (5) That the said Savary did not deliver up the said petitioners
      to the said Anthony Addison; and that upon the death of the said Savary, they came to
      the possession of the defendant as administrator of Savary. (6) That after the expiration of
      the said term, to wit, on the 8th of October, 1809, the said Anthony Addison executed
      in the said state of Maryland, and acknowledged an instrument of writing, purporting to
      be an emancipation of the said Joan or Joanna, and her children; among others, of the
      three first above-named petitioners, after certain terms of service expressed, or reserved in
      the said writing, which, with the acknowledgment and memorial of the record thereof, we
      find, in these words,” &c. “(7) We find that the terms of service, which the said instrument
      purports to have reserved and annexed to the emancipation of the said petitioners
      respectively, will expire at the times following, to wit, of the said John in May, 1830; of
      Lizette at Christmas, 1827; of the said Janette or Jeane, on the 19th of May, 1834; and
      the petitioner Nancy is about two years old. If upon the facts so found,

      ===
      However, from a Prince George's County case the Federal Courts decided that a slave could not
      petition for freedom in anticipation of not being released at some time in the future. This was the
      case of Lee et al. v. Preuss, Circuit Court, District of Columbia. May Term, 1827. A slave
      woman named Joan Lee and her children John, Lizette and Janette were slaves of Anthony
      Addison and were sold to Walter Addison as slaves from a term of twelve years and the children
      would be slaves until the age of 30 for John or 25 for Lizette and Janette. Lizette also had a
      daughter Nancy. They were in turn sold to Peter Savary.

      Peter Savary died and instead of being returned to Anthony Addison they were kept in the estate
      administered by Preuss. They sought their freedom on the grounds that they were afraid that Preuss
      would sell them out of Maryland to avoid the dates of emancipation. The court ruled that they could
      not grant freedom on the expectation of a future release date being violated.

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