Early Colonial Settlers of Southern Maryland and Virginia's Northern Neck Counties

Richard Barnes

Male 1744 - 1804  (60 years)


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  • Name Richard Barnes 
    Born 1744  St. Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 29 Apr 1804  Baltimore County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I046637  Tree1
    Last Modified 24 Feb 2020 

    Father Abraham Barnes,   b. Bef 1694, Northumberland County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Jan 1778, Tudor Hall, Leonardstown, St. Mary's County, Maryland - Probate Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age > 84 years) 
    Mother Elizabeth Rousby,   b. Abt 1712, Calvert County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 14 Aug 1744, St. Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 32 years) 
    Married Between 1740 and 1742  St. Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F19902  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • === Contributed by Linda Reno

      First will:

      Will of Richard Barnes of Leonardtown, St. Mary's Co. , 10/1/1789-5/7/1804, JJ#3, p. 43.
      To: Sister Mason's three sons, Stevens Thomson Mason, Abraham Barnes Thomson Mason and John Thomson Mason, and her daughter, Ann Thomson Chichester, 750 pounds currency dollars and seven shillings and sixpence each. Nephew: John Thomson Mason, the balance of my estate. Exec.: Nephew, John Thomson Mason. Wit.: Clement Sewall, Henry Carberry, James Patterson. (Note: This is the first of three wills made by Richard Barnes).

      Second will:

      Will of Richard Barnes of Leonardtown, St. Mary's Co. , 7/16/1800-5/7/1804, JJ #3, p. 44. Nephew: John Thomson Mason, all of my real property during his life. After his death, it is devised to his son, Abraham Mason, on the condition he changes his name to Abraham Barnes. If Abraham dies without heirs, it is devised to the other male heirs of my nephew, John Thomson Mason, upon their changing their surname to Barnes after their father's death agreeable to the British law of entail which was the law of the State before our revolution, that is the oldest male heir to take all. To: Domestic servant, James, his freedom and 30 pounds currency per year during his life.
      To: All of my poor slaves whose melancholy situation I have long deplored, their freedom five years after my death. They must behave themselves well. Any of them found guilty of improper conduct before a single magistrate may be sold as slaves. They are to take the surname of Barnes. They are to take care of their old, their young, and their infirm.
      Niece: Mrs. Chichester, $200 per year during her life.
      To: The children of my nephew, Abraham B. T. Mason, 1,000 pounds currency dollars at seven and sixpence for their education at the discretion of S. T. Mason or John T. Mason.
      Nephew: John T. Mason, all of my personal property with the requirement that he support his son, Abraham Mason, in a suitable manner for him and not to discredit him in the enjoyment of the landed property I have entailed on him.
      Nephew: S. T. Mason, one gold watch which is to be purchased for him.
      To: My old friend, Colonel Jeremiah Jordan, one gold watch, if he should live longer than me, to be purchased for him.
      Executor: Nephew, John T. Mason

      Witnesses: Clement Dorsey, E. J. Millard, Peter Gough

      Third will:

      Will of Richard Barnes of Leonardtown, St. Mary’s Co. , probated 5/7/1804, JJ #3, p. 46.
      To: Domestic servant, James, his freedom with 30 pounds currency per year, say $80 during his life.
      To: The poor slaves whose melancholy situation I have long deplored, their freedom three years after my death. They must behave themselves well. Any in violation of the law or otherwise improper conduct or convicted before two magistrates may be sold as slaves. They are required to take the surname of Barnes. My Executor, if he thinks proper, is to provide them with money, stock, or credit to enable them to live as tenants on my property. They are to take care of their old, young, and infirm.
      To: My old friend, Colonel Jeremiah Jordan, the use of the house of mine in Leonardtown he now lives in free of rent.
      To: The male heirs of my nephew, John Thomson Mason, all of my property agreeable to British law before the revolution on condition that the male who inherits at age 21 is to change his name to Abraham Barnes. If none of them do so, the property is devised to the son of my nephew, S. T. Mason, named Armisted Thomson Mason on the same condition; if he does not, it is devised to his brother, John T. Mason, and, if he does not, to the male heirs of my nephew, A. B. T. Mason, on the same condition. If they do not, the property is devised to the male heirs of my niece, Mrs. Chichester, on the same condition. If they do not, it is devised to Mary Mason, the daughter of J. T. Mason.
      Nephew: John Thomson Mason, to serve as my Executor and to be paid a salary of $1,600 per year for life to keep my property in his possession. My household furniture in St. Mary's County and in Washington are to continue in each house for the use of my Executor.
      Executor: Nephew, John Thomson Mason. Witnesses: Bennet Riley, Peter Gough, James Thompson, John Stone.

      ===
      Name: Karen Fowler Caldwell
      Email: caldwel@kyol dot net
      Note:
      The Evening Post, New York, New York; 05-05-1804 (Saturday paper so death was April 29th 1804)
      Died At Baltimore, on Sunday last, Colonel Richard Barnes of St. Mary's county, Maryland. In the death of this respectable citizen his friends have sustained a mournful, and his country an irreparable loss. His will declares all his negroes, amounting to 3 or 400, free three years after his death, provided they behave themselves well.
      ===
      Charles County Land Record Book S#3, 1770-1775; Page 294. Power of Attorney. I, John Barnes of CC, merchant, partner in trade with Thomas How Ridgate of London, merchant, have appointed Abraham Barnes and Richard Barnes of St Mary's County, Gentlemen, Zaphaniah Turner and Joseph Gwinn, merchant of CC, each of them jointly and severally, my true and lawful attorneys, for the use of John Barnes and Thomas How Ridgate, to recover all debts, dues, duties, rent, money, or tobacco due to me or us, by anyone, and to receive the rents and profits of my or our lands and tenements, and to sell any of our lands as our attorneys see fit. Signed Jul 31, 1772 - John Barnes. Wit - WB (William Barton) Smoot, Hez Garner, a Hawkins*. Recorded Sep 12, 1772.
      ===
      Charles County Land Record Book S#3, 1770-1775; Page 410. Power of Attorney and Deed of Trust. I, John Barnes of CC, merchant, partner in trade with Thomas How Ridgate of London, merchant, have appointed Abraham Barnes and Richard Barnes of St Mary's County, Gentlemen, Zephaniah Turner and Joseph Gwinn, merchants of cc, our true and lawful attorneys, for me and Thomas How Ridgate, to recover all debts, dues, duties, rents, money, or tobacco due to me or us, by anyone. Also, to enter our lands and receive the rents, issues, and profits of the lands. Also, to sell or lease or lands. Signed Jul 31, 1772 - John Barnes. Wit - W.B. {William Barton} Smoot, Hez Garner, Jas Craik*,
      Indenture made May 16, 1773 from John Barnes of CC, for the present absent out of Maryland, by Richard Barnes, Zephaniah Turner, and Joseph Gwinn, his attorneys in fact as per CC letter of attorney dated Jul 31, 1772, and Thomas How Ridgate of CC, joint merchants and partners in trade and merchandise, to John Rogers, Esq, of Prince Georges County, Attorney at Law, Thomas Stone, Esq, Attorney at Law, and Philip Richard Fendall, Gentleman, both of CC. sd John Barnes and Thomas How Ridgate, partners in trade, own, as tenants in common, sundry lands, goods, wares, merchandise, chattels, and effects, and have due to them sundry debts. Barnes and Ridgate are indebted to divers persons residing in Maryland and elsewhere, several sums of money and tobacco, which sums it is inconvenient for them, at present, to raise from sd lands, effects, debts, and subject afd, but want to make payment of the same. Now this deed witnesses that sd John Barnes and Thomas How Ridgate, in consideration of the premises and for 10 shillings, has sold to sd John Rogers, Thomas Stone, and Philip Richard Fendall, in trust, the following lands in CC: a tract called Hadlow, bounded by a tree called the Wolf Plt Tree, containing about 234 acres; 2 other tracts of land which Robert Horner formerly purchased from William Machon, the one tract called Parr, the other called Croppers Reserve, the land called Parr bounded by afd Hadlow, the main Swamp side that runs into Piles fresh, John Herd's land called Hitchen, containing about 50 acres. The other tract called Croppers Reserve is bounded by the East side of Piles Fresh, the land called Hadlow, Hitchen, Parr, sd Swamp of Piles', and contains about 45 acres. One other tract of land which sd Horner bought of Robert Wood called Hadlow & Hitch[en] on the east side of Piles' Swamp, contains about 147 acres. One other tract of land, bought from Peter Wood by sd Horner, called Woods Low Grounds, is bounded by the west line of land called Hitchen, and contains about 15 acres. One other tract of land called Simpson's Chance, is bounded by the west side of Piles' Swamp, land called Saint Thomas, the east line of land called Calverts Hope and originally a boundary of Saint Georges,.the Main Run of Piles' Swamp, and contains about 186 acres. One other tract of land called Hitchen, is bounded by land called Lumley, and contains about 50 acres. Also, part of a tract of land called Saint Thomas, devised by Thomas Simpson to his son, Andrew Simpson, and by sd Andrew Simpson sold to sd John Barnes and Thomas How Ridgate, containing about 21 acres, at present in the occupation of sd Barnes & Ridgate and sd Andrew Simpson and whereon a store house is lately built by sd John and Thomas How. Also, a tract of land called Lapworth Lodge, lately purchased by Barnes & Ridgate of John Slye, containing about 57 acres. Also, one other tract of land called Slye Addition, also lately purchased by Barnes and Ridgate of sd John Sly and the Commissioners appointed by Lord Baltimore for the sale of his Lordships Manors and Reserved Land, containing about 48 acres. One other tract of land called Woods Venture, lately purchased by Barnes and Ridgate from Philip Wood and the sd Commissioners, containing about 18 acres. One other tract of land called Woods Meadow, lately purchased by Barnes and Ridgate from James Wood and the Commissioners afd, containing about 33 acres. Also, the several parcels of land following, which were lately purchased from the Commissioners afd of sd Lord Baltimore by Barnes and Ridgate, lying in CC and in his Lordship's Manor of Chaptico and in the Reserve thereof, that is to say, lot #45 in the plat of sd Manor kept by sd Commissioners, containing 37 acres, at present occupied by Thomas Nash; lot #46, containing 103 acres, lately in the tenure and occupation of sd Robert Horner and now occupied by Barnes and Ridgate; lot #47, containing 25 acres, at present occupied by William Scott; lot #49, containing 52.75 acres, occupied by Elizabeth Love; lot #52, containing 104 acres, occupied by Philip Briscoe on behalf of the heirs of Francis Parnham decd; lot #53, containing 7 acres, lately occupied by sd Horner; a lot in the Reserve, containing 76 acres, at present occupied by Edward Edelin. Also, half a parcel of land whereon is built a Water Mill purchased by sd Horner of Jestinian Burch, containing 9 acres, being part of a tract of land called Penray. Also, lot #47 in Charles Town commonly called Portobacco in CC, purchased by Barnes and Ridgate from Samuel Hanson Jr by CC deed dated Jul 10, 1766. Also lot #50 in Charles Town, purchased by Barnes and Ridgate from Joseph Noble by deed dated Jul 14, 1768. Also, lot #19 in Benedict Town otherwise called Benedict Leonard Town in CC, purchased by Barnes and Ridgate from Young Parran by CC deed dated Nov 21, 1770. Also, a tract of land in CC called John and Ignatius' Venture, containing about 82 acres, as per patent granted to Barnes and Ridgate on Nov 28, 1769. Also a lot in George Town in Frederick County, purchased by Barnes and Ridgate of Thomas Addison. Also 3 lots in the Addition to George Town afd, bought by them from Charles Beatty and George Frazier Hawkins. And lastly, 5 lots, being parts of a parcel of land laid out and known by the name of Carrollsburgh, lying in Prince Georges County, lately bought by Barnes and Ridgate from certain persons, trustees for selling the same and for building a town on sd parcel of land. To have and to hold, the same, to sd John Rogers, Thomas Stone, and Philip Richard Fendall. This deed further witnesses that Barnes and Ridgate, for paying their debts afd and for one other sum of 10 shillings, have sold to sd Rogers, Stone, and Fendall, slave Lucy and her child named Jesse, slave Linder and her 2 children, Sam and Nelly, slaves Ralph, Bristol, Harry, Sarah and her child Peg, and a boy named Cato. Also a ship called the Nancy, now on a voyage from Europe to North America, together with her boats and other appurtenances, half of the Sloop called the Ranger, one Sloop or Flatt called the Betsey, and one small Flatt called the [blank], at present at Piles' Fresh. Also, all the tobacco, Indian Corn, horses (draft as well as saddle), cattle, hogs, sheep, plantation utensils and implements, household, kitchen, and other furniture, chattels & effects whatever of Barnes and Ridgate, as partners in trade and on their plantations and lands near Newport, and in their houses and lots afd or elsewhere in Maryland. Also, all the goods, wares, merchandise, chattels, and effects of Barnes and Ridgate as joint merchants and partners in trade afd, which are in all of their stores and houses in Portobacco, New Port, or Piles' fresh, Benedict, and George Town, together with all the debts, dues, claims, and demands of Barnes Ridgate as joint merchants, due to them, their factors, agents, storekeepers, or assistants. This deed is in trust that sd Rogers, Stone, and Fendall, will sell the afd lands, slaves, ships, and goods, or such part thereof as seems necessary, and that the debts afd will be collected and the money received applied as follows: firstly, Rogers, Stone, and Fendall shall pay all the debts, claims, and demands that Zephaniah Turner and Joseph Gwinn and Thomas Johns and Alexander McPherson are liable to pay on account of Barnes and Ridgate; secondly, that Barnes and Ridgate be paid at the rate of 250 £ per year, starting today, as compensation for the extraordinary trouble and pains to be by Barnes and Ridgate taken about the premises and transacting the business thereof, under the direction of the trustees afd, the allowance to continue as the trustees shall judge expedient, and besides that, they shall be paid their travelling expenses, if deemed reasonable by the trustees; thirdly, all the debts due from Barnes and Ridgate to people in Maryland or elsewhere, will be paid. Creditors will be notified via advertisement in the Maryland Gazette_ Signed - John Barnes by Richard Barnes, Zeph Turner, and Joseph Gwinn, his attorneys in fact, Tho How Ridgate, T Stone, Phil Rd Fendall. Wit - Jas Craik*, G.R. Brown*. Recorded May 18, 1773.
      ===
      Charles County Land Records 1782-1786; Liber Z#3; Page 296. Sep 2, 1786 from John Barnes of Washington County & Thomas Howe Ridgate of CC, to Richard Barnes of St. Mary's County, for 5 shillings, all that tract of land in CC called Keith s Rest, containing about 110 acres, Signed - John Barnes, Thos How Ridgate. Wit - Daryl Jenifer, Richd Barnes (CC JPs). Elisabeth, wife of the sd Thomas Howe Ridgate, relinquished her right of dower to the lands within mentioned. Recorded Sep 2, 1786,
      ===
      ROUSBY, JOHN, Calvert Co. 27 Jan, 1750/51; 8 Feb, 1750
      To wife Ann Rousby, 1/2 pt. of personal estate.
      Balance of estate to dau. Elizabeth Rousby.
      Desire wife Ann Rousby, may have use of plantation and houses and improvements thereon, whereon Richard Bennett, Esquire, lately dwelled and died., during her life.
      If it shd. so happen that my dau. Elizabeth, shd. have no hrs., then desire nephews Mgr. (?) Abr. Barnes' sons John and Richard Barnes, 1/2 pt. of real estate and 1/4 pt. of personal estate to be equally divided bet. them.
      To nieces, Magr. (Margaret?) Robert Jennet(?) Henry's children, 1/4 pt. of personal estate.
      Wife Ann Rousby, extx.
      Wit: Samuel and James St. Clairs, Philip Parran, Young Parran. 27. 538

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