Early Colonial Settlers of Southern Maryland and Virginia's Northern Neck Counties

Richard Fowler

Male Bef 1684 - 1734  (> 50 years)


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  • Name Richard Fowler 
    Born Bef 1684  Charles City County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 9 May 1734  Caroline County, Virginia - Probate Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I032089  Tree1
    Last Modified 10 May 2021 

    Family Sarah MNU Fowler,   d. Aft 1737, Caroline County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Francis Fowler,   b. Bef 1709, St. Margaret's Parish, King William County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 1745, Frederick County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age > 38 years)
     2. William Fowler,   b. Bef 1716, Caroline County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1770, Woodstock, Frederick County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age > 54 years)
    Last Modified 10 May 2021 
    Family ID F45602  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • === Research Notes from Kirk Fowler

      Richard Fowler of King William County
      This Richard Fowler's land was in that part of King William that became Caroline Co and his will is recorded in Caroline Co 1734. The records of Caroline Co confirm this is the same Richard Fowler as the King William Co Richard Fowler as they continue the association of Zachary Martin. Richard Fowler of King William and Caroline Counties had sons Francis, William, and possibly Richard. His wife was Sarah. William Marshall was named executor of Richard Fowler's Caroline County will.

      The sons, Francis, William, and Richard are enumerated in Frederick County at its formation. I believe they never moved. What was once King William became Caroline and then Frederick. Today, it is Berkeley Co., WV. A reference point for this land is Morgan's Chapel. I have not confirmed my hypothesis about the boundary changes vs relocating. Francis and Richard Jr. left Frederick County about 1757/58 and relocated to Granville County, North Carolina approximately 10 years later members of these two houses would settle the Spartanburg Area of South Carolina. Granville County, NC is situated about midway between Winchester, Frederick County, Va and Spartanburg, SC and this seems to be a common migration route for many of these Colonial Settlers you are documenting. Kirk Fowler, San Jose, CA, related Fowler Family genealogist.
      ===
      === Research Notes from Kirk Fowler

      Except from The Fowler Family of Granville County, North Carolina by Kirk D. Fowler Richard Fowler of King William and Caroline Counties, Virginia

      On 9 July 1724, Richard Fowler, the father, purchased 420 acres in King William County for 44 schillings. This land described as being located on both sides the Stoney Lick Branch binding upon the back of Zachary Martin’s upper tract in St. Johns Parish.
      Caroline County, Virginia was formed from King William, King & Queen, and Essex in 1727. Possibly the first recorded survey documented by R. O. Brooks in Caroline County was a survey conducted for 137 acres in the parish of St. Margaret’s on 22 May 1729 for Richard Fowler and Francis Fowlerii adjoining Richard Fowler’s own land and the land of William Marshall, Whitehead(?), Mr. Henry Goodlow, and Paul Pigg. Richard and Francis Fowler received grant to this 137 1/2 acres of land on September 28, 1730.
      As a result of these entries, I have concluded Francis Fowler was of age by 1729, however; I have done no research into whether or not a man could apply for a grant on behalf of his underage son. Until I find evidence to the contrary, I will conclude Francis Fowler was at least 18 years old in 1729 and born no later than 1711. This Richard Fowler is father to Francis Fowler Sr., and presumably, Richard Fowler Sr. of Granville County, NC.
      The first extant Caroline County Order Book covers the years 1732 to 1740 and has the following entries:
      Richard Fowler’s deed for lease and release of land indebted to Francis Fowler was proved in court July 12, 1733, by George Goodloe, John Alt, and George Eastham (p.89). (Caroline County,
      Virginia Order Book, 1732-1740, Part One 1732-1734/5, Abstracted and Compiled by John Frederick Dorman, Washington D.C., 1965, p43)
      On May 9, 1734, the will of Richard Fowler was presented in court and proved by George Goodloe, and John Alt, two of the witnesses thereto. It was ordered that Francis Fowler, son and heir of Richard, be summoned to the next court to show cause, if any, why his deceased father’s will should not be proved. (p140)
      (Caroline County, Virginia Order Book, 1732-1740, Part One 1732-1734/5, Abstracted and Compiled by John Frederick Dorman, Washington D.C., 1965, p70)
      At the next court, June 13, 1734 the will of Richard Fowler was further proved by Sarah Fowler and William Marshall, the executors there-in named; George Goodloe, John Ellis, William Durrett and Zachariah Martin or any three of them were appointed to appraise the estate. (p.143)
      (Caroline County, Virginia Order Book, 1732-1740, Part One 1732-1734/5, Abstracted and Compiled by John Frederick Dorman, Washington D.C., 1965, p71)
      On 11 July 1734, the inventory of the estate of Richard Fowler was returned. (p.148)
      (Caroline County, Virginia Order Book, 1732-1740, Part One 1732-1734/5, Abstracted and Compiled by John Frederick Dorman, Washington D.C., 1965, p74)
      On 8 Nov 1734, Action in the case of Francis Fowler against Sarah Fowler and William Marshall, executors of Richard Fowler, judgment was granted the plaintiff by nihil dicit unless defendant appeared next court. (p.164)
      (Caroline County, Virginia Order Book, 1732-1740, Part One 1732-1734/5, Abstracted and Compiled by John Frederick Dorman, Washington D.C., 1965, p83)
      On 14 March 1734/35 the suit brought by Francis Fowler against Sarah Fowler and William Marshall executors of Richard Fowler deceased, was dismissed. (p.281)
      (Caroline County, Virginia Order Book, 1732-1740, Part Two 1734/5-1737, Abstracted and Compiled by John Frederick Dorman, Washington D.C., 1966, p2)
      On 9 April 1736, The petition John Anderson Gent. Against Richard Fowler was dismissed. (p.336)
      (Caroline County, Virginia Order Book, 1732-1740, Part Two 1734/5-1737, Abstracted and Compiled by John Frederick Dorman, Washington D.C., 1966, p36)
      On March 13, 1737, Francis Fowler, Rebecca Fowler, Sarah Fowler, and William Fowler, the said Rebecca being first privily examined, acknowledged their deed of land and livery and sizen to Daniel Trigg. (p.418)
      (Caroline County, Virginia Order Book, 1732-1740, Part Two 1734/5-1737, Abstracted and Compiled by John Frederick Dorman, Washington D.C., 1966, p89)
      9 June 1738, Francis Fowler’s deeds of lease and release of land indebted to John Fitzjerrel was proved by Daniel Trigg and Matthew Brooks - two of the witnesses. (p.486)
      (Caroline County, Virginia Order Book, 1732-1740, Part Three 1737-1740, Abstracted and Compiled by John Frederick Dorman, Washington D.C., 1967, p18)
      From these entries, we know Richard Fowler probably died in late 1733 or early 1734. Richard Fowler’s widow and executrix to his will was Sarah.
      Francis Fowler was named as son and heir of Richard Fowler, likely meaning he was the eldest son. Francis was of age and married to Rebecca, he brought suit against Sarah Fowler and William Marshall, leading me to believe Francis Fowler was a grown man and Sarah Fowler, Richard Fowler’s widow, may not have been not been Francis’ mother. Richard, his father was likely born before 1690.
      William Fowler was not named as a son; however, he must have signed as a legatee and been a son of Richard. I should say here, it was an article titled, “William Fowler of Frederick County, Virginia”, written by Martha Woodroof Hiden in 1945 that provided me with the missing link to the Granville County, North Carolina Fowlers. There is no mention of Granville County, North Carolina at all yet for me, as a Granville County Fowler researcher, it was like two pieces of a puzzle coming together when I read her article. vi
      Martha Woodroof Hiden concludes Richard Fowler of Caroline County, Virginia likely also had a son Richard, as Richard Fowler appears in neighboring Spotsylvania County, Virginia records several times, in 1739 and 1740 (O.B. 1738-1749, pp.60, 79, 90). As I stated earlier, only Francis Fowler is specifically named as a son of Richard Fowler of Caroline County. Spotsylvania County was established in 1721 from Essex, King and Queen, and King William counties, just as Caroline County was. The names Richard Fowler, William Fowler, Thomas Fowler, John Fowler, and James Fowler all appear as plaintiffs in Orange County, Virginia Court Order Book between 1741 and 1746. It is my belief all these men were sons of Richard Fowler of Caroline County, Virginia and all were located in Frederick County, Virginia after its formation. I have not yet obtained the actual transcripts from each case though I believe the cases may shed light on the relationship between these Fowlers.

      Richard Fowler and Francis Fowler, Fredrick County, Virginia
      Frederick County, Virginia was organized in 1738 by the splitting of Orange County. Settlers established the legal entity of Orange County in 1734 from a portion of Spotsylvania County. The Frederick County Clerk’s Records cover 1743 to the present though court cases were also recorded in Orange County before 1747.
      Francis Fowler begins to appear in Frederick County, Virginia records as early as 1744 when he was engaged in a lawsuit with Leonard Harper. On 30 September 1744, Leonard Harper was order to pay Rosanna and Mary Brooks 100lbs of tobacco for evidence given for Leonard Harper vs. Francis Fowler for four days of service. (Fred. O.B. 1, p.190, 194). Francis Fowler also appears on the List of Frederick County, Virginia Clerk Fees Belonging to James Wood dated 16 January 1744/45. Francis Fowler is listed with 146lbs of Tobacco.
      We know that Francis Fowler purchased 751 acres of land from Rev. William Williams in Frederick County, Virginia before 29 March 1752. This land was part of a lawsuit between William Williams and Noah Hampton beginning over fifteen years earlier.
      The next year Francis Fowler was sworn constable in the precinct of John Hampton who is also named in early Caroline County, Virginia.
      In 1747 (Ibid., O.B. 2, p.227), Richard Fowler, likely the brother, was appointed constable to succeed Francis Fowler. I am sure he is the Richard Fowler whose will was proved in Granville County, North Carolina in 1771.
      On 2 August 1750, Richard Fowler applied for a warrant for a 405 acre tract he purchased from William Hyatt (Hiatt) “where Fowler now lives on the east side of Opechon Creek” in Frederick County, Virginia. Richard Fowler received a Fairfax grant on this land on 14 March 1755.
      He also applied for a second tract “for 399 acres on the west side of Opechon Creek where he (Fowler) lives and has Large Improvements.” Richard Fowler received a Fairfax grant on this tract on 17 January 1755. Opequon Creek flows through Frederick County in Virginia and Jefferson and Berkeley Counties, West Virginia.
      Northern Neck Grants Book L has, May 15, 1753, Confirming their lotts of the addition to the town of Winchester John Arnold of 306 Acres on Opeckon in said county adj. Richard Fowler, Thos. Golding, Wm. Holdbrook, etc.
      On that same date, Jacob Fowler of Frederick County, half-acre (Lot 37) in Winchester, and 5 acres of Common contiguous to town (Tract 11) in Frederick County; May 15, 1753, 1 page, manuscriptvii
      5 March 1754, Francis Fowler is appointed Overseer of the Road from Morgans Chapple to Opeckon in the room of Robert Cunningham and it is Ordered that the Tithables formerly appointed keep the same in repair according to Law. (Fredrick Co. Order Book 7, p30)viii Morgan’s Chapel is still standing near Bunker Hill, Berkley County, West Virginia. I would venture to guess the road is what is now known as “Old Mill Road” or County Route 26.
      William Fowler, presumably the one that signed the deed to Daniel Trigg, doesn’t appear in Frederick County, Virginia records until 1754. After that date, he is often in court attempting to collect debt owed him. This William Fowler was a merchant and his son William Fowler was also a merchant.
      Frederick County, Virginia deed Book #4, page 167 - David Lewis and wife, Mary, late of Frederick County and now of South Carolina - to Simeon Haitt of Frederick County, 150 acres being part of 184 acre tract granted to Wm. Haitt, June 20, 1751 and conveyed Wm. Haitt to David Lewis October 25, 1751, lying on the east side of Opequon Creek. Witnessed by Edward Thomas and Richard Fowler. Signed by David Lewis, September 1, 1756.
      3 March 1756, Jonas Seamon is appointed Overseer of the Road from Morgans Chapple to Opeckon in the room of Francis Fowler and it is Ordered that the Tithables formerly appointed keep the same in repair according to Law. (Fredrick Co. Order Book 7 p.30)Error! Bookmark not defined. The term “in the room of” obviously means “in place of” meaning Jonas Seamon was taking Francis Fowler’s place as overseer. This leads me to believe Francis Fowler left Frederick County, Virginia about this time. This definitely correlates with him being named in Granville County, North Carolina records in 1757.
      James Fowler is listed on the James Wood’s list dated 16 January 1757/58. James Fowler is actually listed twice on this list – once for himself, 196 pounds of tobacco, and once for Howell, 60 pounds. This is the first record we have of James Fowler in Frederick County, Virginia.
      Richard Fowler is listed on the 1759 Rent Rolls for Fredrick County, Virginia. This is the last record we have of Richard Fowler in Frederick County, Virginia. Interestingly, as Francis and Richard Fowler disappear from Frederick County, Virginia records, James and William Fowler appear.
      James Fowler appears on the List of Frederick County, Virginia Clerk Fees
      Belonging to James WOOD, ANNO DOM. 1761. James Fowler, 60 pounds. 17th January 1761 Received of the Honble. Mr. Secretary NELSON, by the hand of James WOOD, the tickets according to the above list, amounting to Fourteen Thousand Seven Hundred and Seventy Five Pounds of Tobacco, to collect and account for according to Law. Witness my hand, VAN SWEARINGEN
      Richard Fowler’s two Fairfax grants, which he received in January and March of 1755, were put in Thomas Lindsey’s name on March 30th and 31st, 1761. On the original document, Richard Fowler’s name is crossed out and Thomas Lindsey’s written above.
      Saturday 10 October 1761, James Fowler Junr of Capt Thomas Speakes’ Company is fined three shillings for appearing at muster without a gun.ix This might suggest there was a James Fowler Senior however; the name James Fowler only first appears in Frederick County, Virginia records three – four years before this entry was made. As to whether James Fowler was akin to Francis, Richard, or William Fowler, I do not know. I am of the opinion, however, this James Fowler lived on or very near Richard Fowler’s land as evidenced by the Frederick County Order Book entry below, dated 5 March 1765.
      2 Dec 1761, Frederick County Order Book 9, p352; James Fowler was appointed overseer of the road from his house to the Bullskin. Ordered that the Tithables formerly appointed work on the same.
      We have record of a 306a. grant to John Arnold in Fredrick County, Virginia on the drains of Opeckon adjoining Richard Fowler dated 12 May 1763. (N.N. Grants M, page 162)x I will dismissed the phrase “adjoining Richard Fowler” as wording from the survey which was most likely done several years before the 1763 Fairfax grant. By 1760, Richard Fowler had likely caught-up with Francis Fowler in Granville County, North Carolina.
      James Fowler and William Fowler are named on a List of Frederick County, Virginia Clerk Fees Belonging to James WOOD, ANNO DOM. 1762. James Fowler 60lbs tobacco and William 70lbs tobacco. 2d. January, 1762 Received of Mr. Secretary NELSON by the hand of James WOOD the tickets according to the above list amounting to Fourteen Thousand two Hundred and Forty Pounds of Tobacco to collect and account for according to Law. I am curious as to why James and William Fowler don’t seem to appear in Frederick County, Virginia records until after Francis and Richard disappear. We can assume William is the same William Fowler that signed acknowledging deed to Daniel Trigg.
      5 March 1765, Frederick County Order Book 12, p.358: Thomas Lindsey is Appointed Overseer of the Road from James Fowler’s to Thomas Lindseys in the Room of James Fowler & It is Ordered that the Usual Tithables work Thereon under him. This tells us James Fowler resided in the same area as Richard Fowler and that he may have left Frederick County, Virginia at this time. Remember, Richard Fowler’s two Fairfax grants were put in Thomas Lindsey’s name in 1761.
      Frederick Co.,VA., Deed Book No.11, fs. 51 & 52. June 2, 1766. Deed from David Lewis of Fred. Co.,VA., to James Stewart of same county. Tract of land containing 103 acres in Fred. Co., on the west side of Opechon Creek and joining the same and on the upper side of Mill Creek being part of a larger tract granted to the said David Lewis by deed under the hand and seal of the Right Honorable Thomas Lord Fairfax bounded as followeth, beginning at a water spanish oak corner to the said Lewis and William Hyatt thence South 42 degrees West 58 poles to an elm on the south side of Hamptons branch corner to Hyatt and Richard Fowler thence with the said line North 62 degrees West 118 poles to two white oak saplings on the north side of Hamptons Branch in the line of Fowler thence leaving Fowlers line North 77 poles to a forked white oak on a hill thence North 67 degrees East 30 poles to two white oaks and hickory on a hill corner to James Anderson thence with his line North 42 degrees East 30 poles crossing Mill Creek to two black walnuts on the north bank of the said creek corner to the said Lewis thence down the several water courses and meanders of the said creek joining the lines of David Lewis and so to the beginning.
      This land is located near Inwood, West Virginia. west of Bunker Hill, where Hy. 26 & 28 join. Mill Creek Farm is located there now. The present day Bunker Hill Mill used to be the Anderson Mill. It is the oldest mill on Mill Creek. This would have been the mill that James, Jr. used. James Anderson was his neighbor. James Anderson's father built the mill. On Feb. 19, 1768 James Stewart & Rebecca, his wife, sell this tract of land to John Hays.
      We also have record of a Frederick County Court judgment for non payment of John Ord against John Harrow against David Harrow (Orphan of John Harrow) and William Fowler and his wife Mary (widow of John Harrow) in March 1767. Mary was probably Mary Jones. If so, she first married John Harrow, then William Fowler, and after William Fowler’s death in 1770, she married Adam Halker in 1774.
      By 1787 Benjamin Fawcett entered a partnership with William Fowler of Frederick County to create a mercantile business known as Fowler & Co (Shenandoah Loose Papers: Fowler & Co. vs. Halker 5/1787; Dorman 1981:708). This is the son of William Fowler above.
      There is much more information on William Fowler of Frederick County, Virginia contained in Martha Woodroof Hiden’s article mentioned earlier. I will conclude here the discussion of the Fowler family of Frederick County, Virginia as we know Francis and Richard Fowler have made their way to Granville County, North Carolina by this time. I do not know if the houses of James or William Fowler followed them or not.

      footnotes:
      i Library of Virginia, Microfilm, Virginia Land Office Patents No. 12, 1724-1726, p. 41 (Reel 11)
      ii "Caroline County Survey Book", Lewis Beckner, The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 19, No. 3 (Jan., 1911), pp. 168-173, (article consists of 6 pages), Published by: Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture, Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/pss/1915596
      iii A History of Caroline County, Marshall Wingfield, Richmond, 1924 (reprint by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, Baltimore 2005)
      iv Cavaliers and Pioneers Patent Book 13 page 372
      v Virginia County Records: Vol 7, William Armstrong Crozier, 2000, page 40, “Caroline County Book No. 13, page 491, Richard and Francis Fowler, Sep. 28, 1730, 137 1/2 acres
      vi Genealogies of Virginia Families from Tyler's Quarterly Historical and Genealogical Magazine. Volume I: Albidgton-Gerlache, p702, Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, Baltimore, MD, 2007, “William Fowler of Frederick Co., Va.” by Martha Woodroof Hiden, from Vol. XXVII (1945) 59-69.
      vii Thomas, Lord Fairfax Collection, 57 THL, Box 1, Stewart Bell Jr. Archives, Handley Regional Library, Winchester, VA, USA.
      viii Fredrick County [Virginia] Road Orders 1743-1772, Virginia Genealogical Society, Richmond, Virgina Hertiage Books Inc. 2007
      ix Frederick County Virginia Militia Records 1755-1761" by B. V. Little
      ===
      Cavaliers and Pioneers, Patent Book No. 12; [Nell Marion Nugent]; Page 4
      ZACHARY MARTIN, of King & Queen Co; 400 acs. (N. L.), King Wm. Co., in St. John's Par; on brs. of the S. fork of the South Riv., & Stoney Lick Run; beg. in Robert Powell's line; on Fowler's line of his home tract; on Shirley's line; 9 July 1724, p. 40. 40 Shill

      typ patent
      ref VPB 12 p40-41
      dat 9 July 1724
      frm Hugh Drysdale
      to Zachary Martin of King William Co.
      New Land Form in the 1st page
      con 40 Shillings
      re 400a on the brs. of the S fork of the South River & Stoney Lick Run in Saint John's parish in King William Co.
      loc 83760 55152 F127 L0 P255
      pt A) at Three Small Red Oak Saplins in Robert Powells Line ln N16E; 232P;
      pt B) Two red Oaks Standing on a Hill in Fowlers Line of his Home Tract Thence along his Line and Thomas Shirley's Line ln W; 556P; Fowlers Home Tract & Thomas Shirley's Line
      pt C) a Stake by a Small red Oak and Stooping White Oak by Powels Line Thence along Powells Line lc S65E; 520P; Robert Powel
      end
      ===
      Cavaliers and Pioneers, Patent Book No. 12; [Nell Marion Nugent]; Page 5
      RICHARD FOWLER, 420 acs. (N. L.), King Wm. Co., in St. John's Par; on both sides Stoney Lick Br; adj. Zachary Martin's line; 9 July 1724, p. 41 45 Shill
      ===
      === land mentioned
      Cavaliers and Pioneers, Patent Book No. 12; [Nell Marion Nugent]; Page 5
      EDWARD SHEPARD, 485 acs. (N.
      L.), King Wm. Co., in St. Margaret's Par; beg. at Richard Mauldin, in line of his home tract; to Robert Powell; to Richard Fowler's home tract; 9 July 1724, p. 41. 50 Shill.

      typ patent
      ref CE# VPB 12 p41-42
      dat 9 July 1724
      frm Hugh Drysdale
      to Edward Shepard of King William Co.
      con 50 Shill.
      re 485a in Saint Margarets parish of King William afsd
      loc 87056 55664 F127 L0 P255
      pt A) at a Corner White Oak of Richard Mauldins Standing in his Back Line of his Home Place on the N Side a Small Branch ln W; 230P; Richard Mauldin
      pt B) a Corner Red Oak and White Oak of the Said Mauldins and Robert Powells on a barren Ridge ln N65W; 110P; Robert Powell, fm a Barren Ridge
      pt C) 3 Small red Oak Saplins a Corner of Richard Fowlers Standing in the Said Powells back line ln N16E; 232P; Richard Fowler
      pt D) Two Corner Red Oaks of the said Fowlers on a hill in the Said Fowlers Lower Line of his Home Tract Still keeping the Said Fowlers Line of his home Tract ln E; 254P; sd Fowlers Home Tract
      pt E) a Corner White Oak of the Said Fowlers in Zachary Martins Back line ln S8E; 110P; Zachary Martins Back Line
      pt F) the Said Martins and Mauldins Corner White Oak Standing on a Level Thence along the Said Mauldins Line of a New Tract lc S; 160P; fm a Level, sd Mauldins New Tract
      end
      ===
      Cavaliers and Pioneers, Patent Book No. 13; [Nell Marion Nugent]; Page 56
      RICHARD & FRANCIS FOWLER, 1371/2 acs. (N. L.), Caroline Co., in St. Margaret's Par; adj. William Marshall; Whitehead Ryon; Mr. Henry Goodlow (Goodloe) ; Paul Pigg; & sd. Richard Fowler; 28 Sept. 1730, p. 491. 15 Shill.

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