Early Colonial Settlers of Southern Maryland and Virginia's Northern Neck Counties

Richard Rev. Browne

Male 1725 - 1789  (63 years)


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  • Name Richard Rev. Browne 
    Born 2 Dec 1725  Rich Hill, Charles County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 12 Oct 1789  Charles County, Maryland - Probate Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I008761  Tree1
    Last Modified 20 May 2017 

    Father Gustavus Dr Browne,   b. 10 Apr 1689, Dalkeith, Midlothian, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 May 1762, Rich Hill, Charles County, Maryland - Probate Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 73 years) 
    Mother Frances Fowke,   b. 2 Feb 1691/92, Charles County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Nov 1744, Stafford County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 52 years) 
    Married 1710  Port Tobacco, Charles County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F01099  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Helen Bayley,   b. 1725, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1783, Charles County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age < 57 years) 
    Married 1748  Edinburgh, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. William Dr Browne,   b. 1748, Haddingtonshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Feb 1792, Alexandria, Virginia - Probate Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 44 years)
     2. Alexander Browne,   b. Aft 1750, Charles County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 May 1794, Prince William County, Virginia - Inventory Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age < 42 years)
     3. Richard Browne,   b. Aft 1750
     4. Helen Browne,   b. Aft 1750, Charles County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location
     5. Sarah Browne,   b. Aft 1750, Charles County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location
     6. Frances Browne,   b. 1751, Charles County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Nov 1823, Alexandria, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 72 years)
     7. Gustavus Dr. Browne,   b. 1751, Charles County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 Jul 1801, Westfield, St. Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 50 years)
     8. Robert Browne,   b. Bef 1752, Charles County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 1779, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age > 29 years)
     9. John Browne,   b. 1760, Charles County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Nov 1816, Prince William County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years)
     10. Anne Browne,   b. Bef 1775,   d. Aft 1792, Charles County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age > 19 years)
     11. Elizabeth Browne,   b. Bef 1775,   d. Aft 1792, Charles County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age > 19 years)
    Last Modified 20 May 2017 
    Family ID F02894  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Catherine MNU Hawkins,   b. Bef 1755, Charles County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Jun 1819, Charles County, Maryland - Probate Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age > 64 years) 
    Married 30 Oct 1783  Charles County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • ===
      Charles County Land Records 1782-1786; Liber Z#3; Page 35. Marriage Contract, recorded at the request of Richard Brown.
      Indenture Tripartite made this Oct 27, 1783 between Richard Brown of the 1st part, Katherine Hawkins of the 2nd part, and Isaac Campbell and Henry Smith Hawkins of the 3rd part.
      whereas a marriage is intended between sd Richard and sd Katherine, it is agreed that Katherine shall have and retain a full power over all the estate, both real and personal, that she is now possessed of, so that notwithstanding her coverture with sd Richard, she may at any time give and dispose of the same, by deed, will, or otherwise, and it agreed that whatever debts Katharine now owes, Richard may pay off out of the principal sum of Katharine's estate, and Katharine is to have and keep the increase of the Negroes and (the value of the debts afd deducted) the residue thereof with the increase afd, to be paid by sd Richard to her heirs if Richard survives Katharine, and in
      consideration of her thus retaining the power afd, Katharine agrees that she accepts the power over her own fortune in full compensation for whatever she otherwise might be
      entitled to as widow of the Richard out of his estate, if she survives him, either for her third part of his personal state or tenant and dower of any part of his real estate, and that she will not detain any part of the estate of Richard, except Richard shall, by his will, bequeath to Katharine any part of his estate. Katharine also agrees with sd Isaac Campbell and Henry Smith Hawkins that if Richard dies intestate, Katharine disclaims all right to any part of the estate of Richard, and administration of his personal estate to be committed to such persons as the law would have given it unto if no such marriage had ever been. For the true performance of the afd agreements, Richard and Katharine give bond of 5000 sterling to sd Isaac Campbell and Henry Smith Hawkins, Signed - Richd Brown, Katherine Hawkins, Isc Campbell, Henry S. Hawkins, Wit - John N.
      Smoot, Wm B. Smoot, Thos Burgess. Recorded Oct 30, 1783.
    Last Modified 20 May 2017 
    Family ID F05730  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Contributed by Linda Reno

      the "infamous" Rev. Richard Brown, 1725-1789.

      Rev. Richard Brown had been "lately accused of murdering one of his Slaves & actually fled thereupon to Virginia where he remained several Months till his Son, who could be the only positive Witness against him could be ship't away thence to Scotland ... his Parishioners consider him as a very bad man none of them will even yet attend Divine Service at his Church" (Arch. Md. XIV, 480, 507). The immoralities of the Reverend Richard Brown, a native of Charles County, Maryland, are also to be found fully narrated in the report upon him by the Committee on Aggrievances and Courts of Justice, filed in the Lower House on June 22, 1768. It appears that Brown, who had become Rector of King and Queen Parish, in 1751, had lived out of his parish for more than three years, and this without employing a curate to officiate in his stead. Lately returned to his parish "his long course of immoral conduct and his being under a prosecution for the supposed murder of a negro has determined his parishioners universally not to hear him; that the growth of Popery and superstition are, as may be expected, attendant consequences of such remiss and immoral conduct on the part of a clergyman." The committee concluded by saying that their attention had been directed to the matter so late that it could not make as full an inquiry and examination as was called for, but that it felt a "strict inquiry into the causes of the apparent decay of the established religion" in the Province should be made (pp. 410-411). It will be remembered that St. Mary's County was the stronghold of Roman Catholicism in the Province. (Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly, Archives of Maryland , Vol. 61, Preface 70).

      Sent to Edinburgh to complete his education, while pursuing his theological studies there he was forced into the ranks of Prince Charles, the Pretender; captured at the battle of Culloden, he was condemned to be shot, but escaped by proving himself of American birth, and one forced into service. Ordained in the English Church by the Lord Bishop of London , July 9, 1750, he returned to Md. , and became the incumbent of K. and Q. parish, St. Mary's. Rev. Ethan Allen, D.D., in his "Clergy in Md. ," records him as an M.D. He may have studied medicine with his father. He did not grad. in medicine at the U. Edin.; the only Richard B. among the alumni in the 18th cent. grad. M.D. 1795. (Virginia Genealogies by Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden, M.A., Reprinted Washington, D.C., The Rare Book Shop 1931, p. 164).

      ===
      Charles County Maryland Will Book AI-10, 1788-1791; Page 195. Revd Richard Brown's Will,
      I, Richard Brown of CC, am of sound & disposing mind, memory, & understanding. Firstly, it is my desire that I be decently buried by the side of my first wife, without parade, according to the rites of the Church of england.
      To my two daughters Ann & Elizabeth - all that part of a tract of land called Rich Hill, which I bought of William Courts, late of CC, to be equally divided between them. But if either of my daughters dies without lawful issue, then the whole of the sd part of the tract of land to go to the surviving daughter. And if the surviving daughter shall also die without lawful issue, then the afd land to be sold, the money arising from the sale thereof to be equally divided among all my children who shall be living at the time of such sale, my son John always "accepted".
      To my son Richard - all that part of a tract of land Dinyard, lying on [St] Clements Bay in St. Mary's Co. If my sd son dies without lawful heirs of his body, then I give sd land to the eldest son of my sd son Richard. I also give to sd Richard my whole share of one fourth part of a Mill seat, lying on the head of Clements Bay in St. Mary's Co, which share I bought of Joseph Walker. If my sd son Richard dies without lawful heirs of his body, I give the sd share of one fourth of a Mill seat to the eldest son of my son William who shall be living at the time.
      To my son Gustavus - all that tract of land called Pinner & Pinners enlargement, lying on the south side of Mattawoman Swamp.
      Whereas 1 have 3 aged slaves, to Wit, Tom boy, Abigail, & Nanny, it is my will that my executors provide for them out of my estate, to prevent them from wanting necessary clothing & food so long as they shall live. It is my will that the 2 Negroes I sometime ago put into the possession of my son-in-law William Magruder, to wit, Jude & easter, serve him, sd William Magruder, until they arrive to the age of 21 years, after which the sd Negroes shall be free. I also give sd William Magruder the Negroes called Kate, Henny, and Beck, daughter of Hannah, until they arrive at age 31 years, at which time, it is my will that they shall be free. Further, I want the offspring of each of the Negroes afd, on serving sd Magruder to the age of 31 years, shall be free.
      To my son Robert - my Negro blacksmith called Carrol.
      To my grandson Richard, son of Robert - a boy called Nace.
      To my daughter Ann - I want my 2 Negroes, Tom & Lett, to serve Ann for 7 years, to commence from the day of my death. After 7 years, afd Negroes to be set free. also give Ann the Negroes called Silvia, Milly, & Abigal, the daughters of Lett, until they arrive at age 31 years, after which they shall be free.
      To my son Richard - my Negroes called Dick & Liverpool, for 7 years starting at the day of my death; atter 7 years, they shall be free.
      To my daughter Elizabeth my Negroes Charles and Milly, for 7 years, after which, they shall be free. Also my Negro boy called Harry & my negro girl Molly, until they arrive at age 31 years, and after, they shall be free. It is my will that all the offspring of Molly shall be free, as they shall respectively arrive at age 31 years.
      To my son William my Negroes Neptune & Hannah, for 7 years, after which, they shall be free. And as they have been faithful slaves & Hannah is infirm, it is my request that my son William treat them in such manner as he knows will be pleasing to me. I also give the Negro called will to my son William, to keep him as a slave during life, or to set him free, at the option of my son William.
      Whereas there is a bond granted to me by my son Gustavus for more than 1200 sterling, which bond is lodged with my factor in Scotland, I want that no interest shall be demanded of my sd son Gustavus which may have arisen or which shall arise on the sd bond from the date thereof to the day of my death, I want the principal of sd bond, with the interest arising thereon, from the day of my death, until fraul be divided among all my daughters, married & single, so as to make all and each of then equal, and be it remembered that whatever I have given or shall hereafter give, during my life, to any of my daughters, shall be considered as so much of their portions paid & that those that have received the least in my lifetime are to be paid in such proportion after my death as will make all their portions equal.
      To my son Gustavus - my 14 silver spoons marked AvB, and which were my father's.
      To my daughter Ann - the silver soup spoon & the 12 table spoons marked RHB in cipher, and I want a silver soup spoon & 12 silver spoons of eual value, be bought for my daughter Elizabeth by my executors-
      To my 2 sons, Alexander & Robert - whatever money of mine shall appear to remain in the hands of Cuthbert Bullett, esq in Prince William County, Virginia, to be equally divided between them.
      To my son William & all my daughters - all other moneys in tobacco remaining to my estate, either here or in Scotland or elsewhere, to be equally divided between them.
      To my son William - my house clock and all my family pictures. Also, one third of my library and allow him to make choice of the books. I will that my other children be allowed to choose out of the residue of my library such books as they may think proper, but they shall account with my executors for the books taken. I will that the rest of my library be sold and the sale money to be equally divided among all my daughters.
      To my wife Catharine - I want the part of a tract of land called Rich Hill, which I have bequeathed to my daughters Ann & Elizabeth, be burthened with the payment of 1000 lbs of crop tobacco to my wife Catharine, yearly, during her life, which burthen shall be discharged by the payment of 500 lbs of crop tobacco by my daughter Ann & 500 lbs of crop tobacco by my daughter Elizabeth, yearly & once every year, to my sd wife, during her life.
      To my wife Catharine and my daughters Ann & Elizabeth - my household furniture riot already devised, and all my horses, cattle, hogs, & sheep, to be equally divided between them.
      Whereas my son John, while he lived with me, applied various large sums of money & tobacco of mine to his own use, contrary to my desire & without my consent or
      knowledge, I want my executors to discover the amount of such sums and try to recover the same, & when recovered, that my sd executors divide the same equally between my sons Alexander & Robert_
      If any disputes arise concerning the settlement of my estate between any 2 of my children (except my son John) will that my executors bring such disputes before one of the judges of the General Court of Maryland & obtain his opinion in writing, which will be final,
      Executors: my brother Gustavus Richard Brown and my son William Brown and my son-in-law William Magruder_
      Signed Jun 30, 1789 - Riche Brown. Wit - Ann Hanson, Jane Hawkins Sr, Jean Hawkins Jr, John Campbell, Hwbet, S. Hawkins.
      Probated on Oct 12, 1789 by Ann Hanson & Henry Smith Hawkins, two of the witnesses, and by Doctor Gustavus Richard Brown, Doctor William Brown, & William Magruder, joint executors.
      On Oct 26, 1789, Letters Testamentary were granted to all 3 executors; their securities were Matthew Blair & Robert Fergusson,
      ===
      Richard Brown 5.178 D SM 34.17.5 Oct 10 1768
      Sureties: Peter Brown, Nicholas Brown, Jr.
      Legatees: Richard (son).
      Distribution to: Widow (unnamed, 1/3). Residue to children (unnamed, equally).
      ===
      Dr. Gustavus Brown 97.238 CH 2176.1.0 May 29 1762 Jul 28 1768
      Appraisers: John Hanson, Henry Smith Hawkins.
      Creditors: Alexander Smith Hawkins, Stephen Chandler.
      Next of kin: Frances Monuirs, Cecilia Bond.
      Mentions: widow.
      Executor: Richard Brown.
      ===
      BROWN, RICHARD, St, Mary's Co. 26 Jan. 1767; 17 Feb, 1767
      To wife Annastasa, dwelling plantation, with all land adjoining; at her decease, to son Richard Brown (Jr.); if he dies, to my unborn child.
      Mentions 2 daus. Anne Brown and her unborn child.
      Give all rest of estate to my 3 children; that is 2 children now born and the unborn child.
      Extx: Wife.
      Wit: Annastatia, Peter, Anthony and Mary Brown, 35, 112
      ===
      Charles County Land Record Book O#3, 1765-1770; Page 29. Lease and Release. Oct 29-30, 1765 from William Courts of CC, planter, and Mary, his wife, to the Revd Richard Brown of CC, Clerk, for 270 a moiety of a tract of land called Rich Hill (Hills), lying on the west side of a stream called Clarks Run, which falls into Zachia Swamp in CC, it being the same purchased by John Courts of Robert Lunting (Lusting), by sd John devised to his son, "Charles court in Fact" from whom it descended to sd William Courts, his son, party to these presents, containing 220 acres. Wit - W. Courts. wit - J Hawkins*, Thos Contee*. Sd Mary relinquished her right of dower. Recorded Oct 31, 1765.
      ===
      Charles County Land Record Book O#3, 1765-1770; Page 607, Aug 3, 1769 from Robert Horner of CC, gent, to Richard Brown of St Mary's County, Clerk, Thomas John Claggett of Calvert County, Clerk, and Cuthbert Bullitt of Prince William County, Virginia. In May [blank day], 1758, at CC, for and in consideration of a marriage then shortly to be had between sd Robert Horner and Ann Clagett, daughter of Gustavus Brown, Gent, of CC, now decd, sd Horner, in consideration of the fortune he expected to receive with the sd Ann and for a provision for sd Ann and her issue which he should have by sd marriage, entered into the following contract and agreement with sd Gustavus Brown for the use of sd Ann, to wit, whereas a marriage is intended between sd Horner, merchant, and sd Ann Clagett, daughter of Doctor Gustavus Brown and widow of Samuel Clagett, late of CC, Clerk, & whereas before sd Ann married Mr. Clagett, an agreement was entered into between Mr. Clagett and Gustavus Brown, whereby a provision was made for the security of sd Ann and her issue, if any. That agreement was recorded in CC. Sd Gustavus and Robert, in order to secure sd Ann and her son, Samuel Clagett, agree that whatever money, goods, chattels, or lands may come to ad Robert in right of the child of sd Ann and Samuel Clagett, shall be delivered up and paid back by sd Horner to sd minor when he arrives to the age of 20 years. If Robert dies before sd child reaches sd age, then sd money, goods, chattels, and lands shall be paid for the use of sd child out of the estate of sd Horner.
      Whatever money or property comes to Horner as Ann's part of her late husband's personal estate, if Ann dies before i Robert, Ann may dispose of the same by making a will; if she doesn't make a will, it vests in Horner; if Robert dies before Ann, full value in money for her use, during her life. The marriage took place on May 11, 1758. Sd Robert has since received from the representatives of sd Ann's late husband, Samuel Clagett, in right of Ann and her son, Samuel, exclusive of 300 settled upon her by her sd contract with sd Samuel Clagett, 865 , which he has applied to his own use. Sd Gustavus Brown, by his will, devised to Ann, for her use and support, a legacy of 100 , which sd Robert has also received or is about to receive, to his own use. Ann has relinquished her right of dower in deeds entered into by Robert involving 3 tracts of land, and 16 acres which belonged to Robert, lying in CC. Ann hereby releases to Robert any claim she might have to Robert's own particular estate, saving her own particular fortune. Several of the Negroes herein after mentioned are under mortgage, as well as the other personal estate, for the security of several sums of money due to several persons. Now this deed witnesses that sd Robert Horner, for and in consideration of the marriage contract and all the afd premises and for 100 to Robert in hand paid by Richard Brown, Thomas John Claggett, and Cuthbert Bullet, has sold to sd Richard, Thomas, and Cuthbert, the following slaves, goods, and chattels, to wit, Quibus, yellow Jack, Leverpool, Adam, Peter, Moses, Rexum, Eolakie, Juda, Ben Sr, Ben Jr, old Jack, Samba, Hensey, Suckey, Phillis, Kate, Nell, yellow Charity, Nanny, Cloo, Mock, Pegg, Nancy, Moll, Black Charity, saran, Tom, and Jenny children of Nell, Harey, Jenny and Liza children of yellow Charity, Dick and Letty children of Black Charity Ledd Bett and Mock children of Phillis, Samara and Nell children of Mock Celia daughter to Pegg, Harry son of Nancy Isaac child of Henny, 1 quart with tankard, 1 large chaiste teapot, cream jug, silver and pint can of silver, 9 silver table spoons, 1 sil'v'er dividing spoon, 1 silver butter boat .. 12 plain China plates, 3 large hard mettle dishes, 12 water plates, 1 lot of hard metal dishes, 60 cattle, 1 bay stallion, 1 grey gelding, 1 bay gelding, 3 mares and colt, 1 sloop and 1 mahogany table and a riding chair. Sd Richard, Thomas, and Cuthbert shall sell and dispose of so many of the mortgaged slaves, goods, and chattels out of each mortgage, and not the one for the other unless at the request of Ann, as shall be sufficient to discharge the several encumbrances and mortgages upon the same, and then sell and dispose of the residue of sd slaves, goods, and chattels .. be sufficient to raise the afd sum of 865 out of which 565 shall be laid out in the purchase of lands, slaves, and other goods and chattels, to be vested in sd Richard, Thomas, and Cuthbert, in trust for the use and maintenance of Ann, during her natural life, free from the claim of Robert, and after the death of Ann, to such persons as Ann, in her will, shall direct, and for lack of such will, then to the use of Robert and such children as he may have by Ann, during the natural life of Robert, and after his death, to the use of sd children, to be equally divided between them. If the slaves and effects shall more than discharge the mortgages and raise the 865 , then Richard, Thomas, and Cuthbert shall only sell sufficient to -raise 865 , and reconvey the overplus to sd Horner. Signed Robt Horner. Wit - Zephaniah Nooe, Bennet Nooe, J Hawkins*. Recorded Aug 26, 1769.
      ===
      Charles County Land Record Book S#3, 1770-1775; Page 621. Deed of Gift. We, James Scott of Prince William County, Virginia, Richard Brown, Isaac Campbell, John Clegatt, Thomas Bond, Henry Thelkkeld, Gustavus Richard Brown, and Thomas Stone of Maryland, for the love we have for Ann Horner of CC, widow of Robert Horner, decd, and for Robert Horner, Gustavus Brown Horner, John Terry Horner, William Horner, and James Scott Horner, her children, & for the support and maintenance of sd Ann, we hereby give Ann and her children afd, the following sums of money, that is to say, James Scott gives 50 , Richard Brown gives 50 , Isaac Campbell gives 50 , Thomas John Clegatt gives [blank], Thomas Bond gives 30 Henry Threlkeld gives [blank], Gustavus Richard Brown gives 15 , and Thomas Stone gives 10 Sd money is to be used to purchase the following Negroes, to wit, a man called Hollyhy, and a woman called Pegg, with Celia, her child, and Sam & Nell, the children of Monica, and as many more Negroes and other necessaries as sd money will pay for, to sd Ann, during her natural life, so that Ann can support and maintain herself and her children afd, without wasting the principal stock of negroes. After the death of Ann, the Negroes are to go to the afd grantors, to be equally divided between them. The legal estate of the afd Negroes and other things bought with the money afd, is vested in sd children of Ann, and the children shall have then upon the death of Ann. Signed - Mar 28, 1774 - James
      Scott, Thomas Stone before M.T. Stone, Richard Brown before Jno A. Clarke, James Scott before John Scott, G.R. Brown before James Wallace, Thomas Bond before Richard Brown. Recorded Sep 20, 1774.
      ===
      Charles County Land Records 1782-1786; Liber Z#3; Page 37. Nov 14, 1783 from Richard Brown of CC, Clerk, to John Brown of CC, his son, for the natural love he has for sd John and for 5 , all that moiety or half part of a tract of land called Rich Hill, lying in CC, which was an Nov 2, 1714, conveyed by Philemon Hemsley and Mary Hemsley, his wife, to Doc, Gustavus Brown, late of CC, decd, by CC deed, and which moiety of Rich Hill was devised by sd Gustavus Brown to sd Richard Brown in tail, the same being the northern half of Rich Hill, and on which the dwelling house stands. A fee simple estate in sd conveyed premises is to be vested in sd John Brown. Signed - Richd Brown, Wit - Walter Winter, Hoskins Hanson. Recorded Nov 26, 1783,
      ===
      Charles County Land Records 1782-1786; Liber Z#3; Page 37. Nov 14, 1783 from Richard Brown of CC, Clerk, to John Brown, his son, of CC, for the natural love he has for sd John and for 5 , a tract of land called Penner and Penners Enlargement, lying in CC, which was on Aug 18, 1718, conveyed by Charles Adams to Doc. Gustavus Brown, late of CC, decd, by CC deed, and which sd tract was devised by sd Gustavus Brown to sd Richard Brown in tail, and on which Walter Clements now lives. A fee simple estate in sd convyed premises is to be vested in sd John Brown. Signed - Rich Brown. Wit - W Winter, Hoskins Hanson. Recorded Nov 26, 1783.
      ===
      Charles County Land Records 1782-1786; Liber Z#3; Page 38. Nov 15, 1783 from John Brown of CC, to Richard Brown of CC, Clerk, his father, for the natural love he has for sd Richard Brown and for 5 , during Richard's natural life, without impeachment or waste, all that moiety or half part of a tract of land in CC called Rich Hill, which, by deed dated Nov 14, 1783, was conveyed by sd Richard Brown to the sd John Brown in fee simple. Signed - John Brown. Wit - Walter winter, Hoskins Hanson. Recorded Nov 26, 1783.
      ===
      Charles County Land Records 1782-1786; Liber Z#3; Page 39. Nov 15, 1783 from John Brown of CC, to Richard Brown of CC, for divers good causes and for 5 , a parcel of land in CC on the south side of Mattawoman Swamp, and whereon Walter Clements now lives, being the two tracts before conveyed by the sd Richard Brown to the sd John Brown, commonly known as Penner and Penners Enlargement.
      Signed - John Brown. Wit - Walter Winter, Hoskins Hanson. Recorded Nov 26, 1783.
      ===
      Charles County Land Records 1786-1790; Liber D#4; Page 301. Instrument of writing, recorded at the request of Richard Mason. Indenture made Jun 11, 1788 between John Brown of Prince William County, Virginia, of the one part, and Richard Mason of CC, Merchant, of the other part, whereas sd Richard Mason, at the request and entreaty of sd John Brown, has consented to become bail for sd John Brown in an action of debt now depending in CC Court for 711 17 shillings & 11 pence half penny, there brought against sd John Brown at the suit of Gustavus Richard Brown, now this indenture witnesses that the sd John Brown, to the end that the sd Richard Mason and all the lands, tenements, goods and chattels of the sd Richard Mason, at all times hereafter, shall be kept harmless for all the bails, suretyships, and charges in these presents expressed, and also therefrom shall be clearly discharged by such time as thereto is hereafter assigned in these presents, has sold by these presents to sd Richard Mason, all that moiety or half part of a tract of land called Rich Hill, lying in CC, which was on Nov 14, 1783 conveyed by sd John Brown to Richard Brown, father of the sd Brown, for and during the natural life of sd Richard Brown, by CC deed, To have and to hold, sd moiety unto sd Richard Mason, immediately after the death of sd Richard Brown, provided that if sd John Brown shall procure and cause that the sd Richard Mason shall be discharged from the bail and suretyship and all other charges wherewith the sd. Richard Mason may be charged on account of sd John Brown, at or before the day when the Justices of the afd Court shall award judgment against the sd John Brown for the debt afd, and also, in the meantime, shall save harmless sd Richard Mason and all his lands, tenements, goods and chattels of and for the bails, suretyship, and charges afd wherewith he may be charged, then the sale of the premises afd to sd Richard Mason, shall be void. Signed - John Brown, Richard Mason. Wit - Bent Dyson*, Wm D, Briscoe*. Recorded Jun 18, 1788. {For the release of the mortgage, see Liber K No. 4 folio 178}
      ===
      Charles County Land Records 1790-1792; Liber K#4; Page 178. Release. CC. John Brown of Prince William County, VA, on Jun 11, 1788, mortgaged to the subscriber, Richard Mason, all that half part of a tract of land in CC called Rich Hill, which was, on Nov 14, 1783 conveyed by sd John Brown to his father, Richard Brown, for and during the natural life of sd Richard Brown. The mortgage was intended to secure and save harmless sd Richard Mason from all damage he might sustain in consequence of his becoming special bail for sd John Brown at the suit of Gustavus Richard Brown in an action of debt then depending in CC Court for 711 17 shillings & 11 pence half penny, as per reference to sd mortgage, recorded in CC Liber D#4 pages 301-303. Sd John Brown has since fully paid sd Gustavus Richard Brown, by means whereof, sd Richard Mason is released from all damage. Therefore, sd Richard Mason hereby releases the half part of
      Rich Hill. Signed - Rich Mason. Wit - John Winter, Jas
      Russell. Recorded Dec 8, 1790.
      ===
      Charles County Land Records 1790-1792; Liber K#4; Page 250. Apr 14, 1791 from Doctor Gustavus Brown of St. Mary's County, to Doctor William Brown of Alexandria, VA, for 30 and for other good causes, all that tract of land called Lomax's Addition, lying in CC, contiguous to a tract of land called Rich Hills, possessed by sd Dr. William Brown, and bounded by the main Run that runs into Zachiah Swamp, the land called Jonstone town, containing 30 acres. Sd tract was, on May 8, 1731, deeded by Barton Smoot to Dr. Gustavus Brown, grandfather to the parties in this present deed, and descended by inheritance, in fee tail, from him unto the late Revd Richard Brown, his eldest son, in like manner from ad Richard Brown to Dr. Gustavus Brown, one of the parties to these presents. Signed - Gusts Brown. This deed was acknowledged by Doctor Gustavus Brown on Apr 15, 1791 in St. Mary's County, before St. Mary's JPs Zachariah Forrest and Thomas Bond, Esquires. Certified by Timothy Bowes, Clk of St. Mary's County Court. Recorded Apr 18, 1791.

      ===
      1642-1753 Rent Rolls Charles County MD Hundred - Port Tobacco: Rent Roll page/Sequence: 329-192: RICH HILL: 600 acres; Possession of - 300 Acres - Contee, John Col: 300 Acres - Lomax, Ralph: Surveyed (when the record sayth not) patent 19 April 1666 in the name of Hugh Thomas lying on the West side of the main fresh run at the head of Wicomico River at a bound oak by the run side.: Conveyance notes - 300 Acres - Mary Contee from Ralph Lomax; 3 March 1710, 300 Acres - Gustavus Brown from Philemon Hemsley; 2 Nov 1714,Alexander Smith Hawkins from Charles Courts; 25 Sept 1727,

      ===
      1780-1787 King George County Deed Book 7 (Antient Press); pp. 19
      THIS INDENTURE made this first day of November in the year one thousand seven hundred & eighty four Between RICHARD BROWN of CHARLES County, Clerk, & VALENTINE HUDSON of King George in the State of Virginia; Witnesseth that RICHARD BROWN by these presents doth bargain sell and release unto VALENTINE HUDSON his heirs all that tract of land whereon VALENTINE HUDSON now lives & which was on the first day of March one thousand seven hundred & thirty six conveyed by a certain THOMAS PORTER & ANNEY his Wife to DOCTER GUSTAVUS BROWN, late of CHARLES County, deceased; as by the Deed therefore recorded in STAFFORD County Court will appear; & which tract the same being the tract of land which VALENTINE HUDSON now lives, Together with all the right title & interest of RICHARD BROWN to the land hereby conveyed with all houses advantages & appurtenances belonging; to be vested in VALENTINE HUDSON his heirs free and clear from all claim demand of the heir or any of them: To have and to hold the land & premises unto VALENTINE HUDSON his heirs for only use of VALENTINE HUDSON his heirs; In Witness whereof RICHARD BROWN hath hereunto set his hand & seal the day year above written
      Signed Sealed & Delivered in the presence of
      ROBERT BROWN, RICHARD POTES, RICHARD BROWN
      WILLIAM BARRETT, JOHN BROWN
      At a Court held for King George County the 3d day of June 1785
      This Deed Indented of Bargain & Sale from under the hand and seal of RICHARD BROWN to VALENTINE HUDSON was presented into Court & was further fully proved by the Oath
      of ,JOHN BROWN, witness thereto, & on the motion of VALENTINE HUDSON was ordered to he recorded Test. JOS. ROBINSON.. C: Cur
      ===
      1780-1787 King George County Deed Book 7 (Antient Press); pp. 20
      THIS INDENTURE made this first day of November in the year one thousand seven hundred & eighty four Between RICHARD BROWN of CHARLES County, Clerk. and RICHARD POTES of King George County in State of Virginia, Witnesseth that RICHARD BROWN by these presents do bargain sell & release unto RICHARD POTES his heirs all that tract whereon RICHARD POTES now lives and which was on the Thirty first day of March one thousand seven hundred & thirty six conveyed by a certain THOMAS PORTER and ANNEY his Wife to DOCTOR GUSTAVUS BROWN, late of CHARLES County, deceased. as by the Deed therefor recorded in STAFFORD County will appear; the same being the tract of land whereon RICHARD POTES now lives; Together with all rights title & interest of RICHARD BROWN to the land with all houses improvements advantages & appurtenances belonging; to be vested in RICHARD POTES; To have and to hold the premises with appurtenances unto RICHARD POTES his heirs, In Witness whereof RICHARD BROWN hath hereunto set his hand & seal the day & year first above written
      Signed Sealed & Delivered in presence of
      ROBERT BROWN, RICHARD BROWN
      VALENTINE his mark, HUDSON,
      WM. his mark J BARRETT, JOHN BROWN
      At a Court held for king George County the 3d day of March 1785
      This Indented Deed of Bargain & Sale from under the hand & seal of RICHARD BROWN to RICHARD POTES was presented into Court & proved by one witness & certified; And at another Court held for the said County the 3d day of June 1785, was proved by two of the other witnesses thereto & on the motion of the said POTES was ordered to be recorded Test JOS. ROBINSON, C; Cur